Dutch Theatre

Written by Mark deMeza

December 21, 2023

From 1892 until 1941 the Hollandsche Schouwburg (Dutch Theatre) was an important theatre in Amsterdam’s Plantage neighbourhood. During the Second World War, the Nazis requisitioned the theatre and converted it into a transportation centre. Behind its ornate 19th century façade, adorned with classicist figures, thousands of Jews would wait for the inevitable call to Amsterdam’s Central Railway Station where cattle trucks would take them to the Westerbork Transit Camp. Over 107,000 Jews were transported to Westerbork and then onwards to the extermination camps of Auschwitz and Sobibor. Fewer than 6,000 survived.

The Dutch Theatre is now a monument to those who were murdered and depicts the gradual isolation and persecution suffered by the Jews at the hands of the Nazis during WW2

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